If you wish to contribute or participate in the discussions about articles you are invited to contact the Editor

Difference between revisions of "SNAS"

From Navipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (Included editor logo.)
(Added new information and changed name)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
|Title={{PAGENAME}}
 
|Title={{PAGENAME}}
 
}}
 
}}
The People's Republic of China is developing its own SBAS, called Satellite Navigation Augmentation System (SNAS).   
+
The People's Republic of China is developing its own SBAS, called BeiDou satellite-based augmentation system (BDSBAS and formerly Satellite Navigation Augmentation System (SNAS)) to provide SBAS services in China and sorrounding regions.   
 
In 2002, the company [http://www.novatel.com/ Novatel] was awarded <ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BPW/is_2_13/ai_n27573643/ NovAtel gains China order, GPS World, Feb. 2002]</ref> with a contract for the provision of 12 receivers for the phase II of the development, and the receivers have already been delivered. These stations would complement the 11 ones already installed in and around Beijing for the phase I of the program.
 
In 2002, the company [http://www.novatel.com/ Novatel] was awarded <ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BPW/is_2_13/ai_n27573643/ NovAtel gains China order, GPS World, Feb. 2002]</ref> with a contract for the provision of 12 receivers for the phase II of the development, and the receivers have already been delivered. These stations would complement the 11 ones already installed in and around Beijing for the phase I of the program.
  
During the presentation of the development status of the [[BeiDou General Introduction|BeiDou]] system in the ION-GNSS 2011 congress,<ref>”Development of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System”, China Satellite Navigation Office, Sep 2011, ION GNSS 2011.</ref> the China Satellite Navigation Office listed the [[BeiDou Services|services]] that the BeiDou System would provide, and one of them was the wide range differential service, aiming at a positioning accuracy of 1 m; presumably, this wide range differential service corresponds to the SNAS system.
+
BDSBAS is integrated in the BeiDou system and uses BDS-3 type satellites to broadcast SBAS L1/L5 signal, augmenting BDS and GPS. If they are recommended by ICAO SARPs, Galileo E1C/E5a and GLONASS L1/L3 will also be considered <ref name="GSBAS/SBAS">[https://www.icao.int/APAC/APAC-RSO/GBASSBAS%20Implementation%20Workshop/3-5_GBAS-SBAS%20Implementation%20in%20China%20(X%20Li).pdf GSBAS/SBAS Implementation in China], ICAO ASIA/PACIFIC REGIONAL GBAS/SBAS WORKSHOP, Seoul, ROK, 3~5 June 2019</ref>.
  
There is little public information available on the SNAS development at the time of writing this article.
+
==Development==
 +
In october 2017, 3 PRN codes (130, 143 and 144) were assigned at L1C/A and L5 for the BDSBAS system. The system was also recognized as an official SBAS provider in the ICAO family, being given its SBAS service provider identifier and the UTC standard identifier.
 +
The space segment is being defined to be conposed of three BD-3 GEO satellites (80º E, 110.5º E and 140º E). The ground segment is composed of an Operation and Control Center, Data Centers, Uplink Stations and Monitoring Stations. SBAS terminals would be able to receive RNSS navigation messages and wide area differential integrity information broadcast by GEO satellites. <ref name="Update_Beidou">[https://www.unoosa.org/documents/pdf/icg/2017/05_icg12.pdf Update on BeiDou Navigation Satellite System], China Satellite Navigation Office, Twelfth Meeting of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems, 2-7 December 2017 Kyoto, Japan</ref>
 +
 
 +
In 2018, the first BDS-3 GEO satellite was launched in November 1, 2018 onboard a Long March 3B and the broadcast of BDSBAS signal started in November 9, 2018, beginning the integration and test phase. <ref name="Update_Beidou/>
 +
 
 +
During 2019, efforts were focused on improving the ground monitoring stations network. <ref name="Update_Beidou"/>
 +
The system is still being tested today and therefore cannot yet provide services for civil aviation but it is expected to initially provide APV-I service, and later on CAT-I service in China. <ref name="Advances_Beidou">[https://satellite-navigation.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s43020-020-00010-2 Advances in BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and satellite navigation augmentation technologies], Li, R., Zheng, S., Wang, E. et al.</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Space segment==
 +
The actual space segment of BDSBAS is composed of 3 GEO satellites <ref name="Constellation">[http://www.csno-tarc.cn/en/system/constellation BeiDou Constellation Status]</ref>
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="vertical-align:bottom;"
 +
|-
 +
! <br />PRN
 +
! <br />SVN
 +
! <br />SatelliteType
 +
! <br />LaunchDate
 +
! <br />SatStatus
 +
! <br />Service Signal
 +
! <br />Position
 +
|-
 +
| <br />130
 +
| <br />GEO-01
 +
| <br />BDS-3
 +
| <br />2018-11-01
 +
| <br />Testing
 +
| <br />B1C/B2a
 +
| <br />140°E
 +
|-
 +
| <br />143
 +
| <br />GEO-03
 +
| <br />BDS-3
 +
| <br />2020-06-23
 +
| <br />Testing
 +
| <br />B1C/B2a
 +
| <br />110.5°E
 +
|-
 +
| <br />144
 +
| <br />GEO-02
 +
| <br />BDS-3
 +
| <br />2020-03-09
 +
| <br />Testing
 +
| <br />B1C/B2a
 +
| <br />80°E
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Performances==
 +
The design performances of BDSBAS are <ref name="Update_Beidou"/>:
 +
{| class="wikitable" style="vertical-align:middle;"
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="4" | <br />Service accuracy (95%)
 +
| rowspan="2" | <br />Position accuracy
 +
| <br />Single frequency
 +
| <br />Double frequency
 +
|-
 +
| <br />H < 2.5 m, V < 4.0 m
 +
| <br />H < 1.5 m, V < 2.0 m
 +
|-
 +
| <br />Timing accuracy
 +
| colspan="2" | <br />10 ns
 +
|-
 +
| <br />Velocity accuracy
 +
| colspan="2" | <br />0.1 m/s
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="3" | <br />Service reliability
 +
| <br />Availability
 +
| colspan="2" | <br />> 99 %
 +
|-
 +
| <br />Integrity
 +
| colspan="2" | <br />Alarm time: 6s<br />  <br />Risk probability: 10-7/approach<br />  <br />(threshold: H 40m, V 10-15m)
 +
|-
 +
| <br />Continuity
 +
| colspan="2" | <br />Risk probability: 10-6/15s
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
Observed performance of B1C and B2a SBAS signals in 2019 <ref name="Update_2019">[https://www.unoosa.org/documents/pdf/icg/2019/icg14/05.pdf Update on BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS)], Peng JIA, China Satellite Navigation Office, 14th Meeting of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems, 2019-12-09</ref>:
 +
* Global coverage.
 +
* System service availability: >87%.
 +
* Positioning accuracy: 2.4 m horizontally, 4.3 m vertically.
 +
* Velocity measurement accuracy: 0.06 m/s
 +
* Timing accuracy: 19.1 ns (95%)
 +
 
 +
[[File:BDSBAS_availability.png|thumb|center|upright=2.0|Service availability of B1C and B2a signals <ref name="Update_2019"/>]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 09:30, 1 October 2021


Other SBASOther SBAS
Title SNAS
Edited by GMV
Level Basic
Year of Publication 2011
Logo GMV.png

The People's Republic of China is developing its own SBAS, called BeiDou satellite-based augmentation system (BDSBAS and formerly Satellite Navigation Augmentation System (SNAS)) to provide SBAS services in China and sorrounding regions. In 2002, the company Novatel was awarded [1] with a contract for the provision of 12 receivers for the phase II of the development, and the receivers have already been delivered. These stations would complement the 11 ones already installed in and around Beijing for the phase I of the program.

BDSBAS is integrated in the BeiDou system and uses BDS-3 type satellites to broadcast SBAS L1/L5 signal, augmenting BDS and GPS. If they are recommended by ICAO SARPs, Galileo E1C/E5a and GLONASS L1/L3 will also be considered [2].

Development

In october 2017, 3 PRN codes (130, 143 and 144) were assigned at L1C/A and L5 for the BDSBAS system. The system was also recognized as an official SBAS provider in the ICAO family, being given its SBAS service provider identifier and the UTC standard identifier. The space segment is being defined to be conposed of three BD-3 GEO satellites (80º E, 110.5º E and 140º E). The ground segment is composed of an Operation and Control Center, Data Centers, Uplink Stations and Monitoring Stations. SBAS terminals would be able to receive RNSS navigation messages and wide area differential integrity information broadcast by GEO satellites. [3]

In 2018, the first BDS-3 GEO satellite was launched in November 1, 2018 onboard a Long March 3B and the broadcast of BDSBAS signal started in November 9, 2018, beginning the integration and test phase. [3]

During 2019, efforts were focused on improving the ground monitoring stations network. [3] The system is still being tested today and therefore cannot yet provide services for civil aviation but it is expected to initially provide APV-I service, and later on CAT-I service in China. [4]

Space segment

The actual space segment of BDSBAS is composed of 3 GEO satellites [5]


PRN

SVN

SatelliteType

LaunchDate

SatStatus

Service Signal

Position

130

GEO-01

BDS-3

2018-11-01

Testing

B1C/B2a

140°E

143

GEO-03

BDS-3

2020-06-23

Testing

B1C/B2a

110.5°E

144

GEO-02

BDS-3

2020-03-09

Testing

B1C/B2a

80°E

Performances

The design performances of BDSBAS are [3]:


Service accuracy (95%)

Position accuracy

Single frequency

Double frequency

H < 2.5 m, V < 4.0 m

H < 1.5 m, V < 2.0 m

Timing accuracy

10 ns

Velocity accuracy

0.1 m/s

Service reliability

Availability

> 99 %

Integrity

Alarm time: 6s

Risk probability: 10-7/approach

(threshold: H 40m, V 10-15m)

Continuity

Risk probability: 10-6/15s

Observed performance of B1C and B2a SBAS signals in 2019 [6]:

  • Global coverage.
  • System service availability: >87%.
  • Positioning accuracy: 2.4 m horizontally, 4.3 m vertically.
  • Velocity measurement accuracy: 0.06 m/s
  • Timing accuracy: 19.1 ns (95%)
Service availability of B1C and B2a signals [6]

References

  1. ^ NovAtel gains China order, GPS World, Feb. 2002
  2. ^ GSBAS/SBAS Implementation in China, ICAO ASIA/PACIFIC REGIONAL GBAS/SBAS WORKSHOP, Seoul, ROK, 3~5 June 2019
  3. ^ a b c d Update on BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, China Satellite Navigation Office, Twelfth Meeting of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems, 2-7 December 2017 Kyoto, Japan
  4. ^ Advances in BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and satellite navigation augmentation technologies, Li, R., Zheng, S., Wang, E. et al.
  5. ^ BeiDou Constellation Status
  6. ^ a b Update on BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS), Peng JIA, China Satellite Navigation Office, 14th Meeting of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems, 2019-12-09