If you wish to contribute or participate in the discussions about articles you are invited to join Navipedia as a registered user

Transformation between Terrestrial Frames

From Navipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


FundamentalsFundamentals
Title Transformation between Terrestrial Frames
Author(s) J. Sanz Subirana, J.M. Juan Zornoza and M. Hernández-Pajares, Technical University of Catalonia, Spain.
Level Intermediate
Year of Publication 2011

From elemental linear algebra, all transformations between two Cartesian coordinate systems can be decomposed in a shift vector [math] \left ( \Delta \mathbb{\mathbf X}=[\Delta x, \Delta y, \Delta z] \right )[/math], three consecutive rotations around the coordinate axes ([math] \theta_1[/math], [math]\theta_2[/math], [math]\theta_3[/math]), and a scale factor ([math]\alpha[/math]). That is, they can be described by the following equation, which involves 7 parameters:


[math] \mathbb{\mathbf X}_{TRF2}=\Delta\mathbb{\mathbf X}+\alpha \; \mathbb{\mathbf R}_1[\theta_1] \; \mathbb{\mathbf R}_2[\theta_2] \; \mathbb{\mathbf R}_3[\theta_3] \; \mathbb{\mathbf X}_{TRF1} \qquad\mbox{(1)}[/math]


where:

[math] \begin{array}{l} \mathbb{\mathbf R}_1[\theta]=\left [ \begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & \cos \theta & \sin \theta \\ 0 & -\sin \theta & \cos \theta \\ \end{array} \right ] \;;\;\; \mathbb{\mathbf R}_2[\theta]=\left [ \begin{array}{ccc} \cos \theta & 0 & -\sin \theta \\ 0 & 1 & 0\\ \sin \theta &0 & \cos \theta \\ \end{array} \right ]\\ \\ \mathbb{\mathbf R}_3[\theta]=\left [ \begin{array}{ccc} \cos \theta & \sin \theta &0\\ -\sin \theta & \cos \theta & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 1\\ \end{array} \right ] \end{array} \qquad\mbox{(2)}[/math]


Adopting the convention used by IERS, the previous equation (1) can be written as follows:


[math] \left ( \begin{array}{c} x\\ y\\ z\\ \end{array} \right )_{_{TRF2}} = \left ( \begin{array}{c} x\\ y\\ z\\ \end{array} \right )_{_{TRF1}} + \left ( \begin{array}{c} T_1\\ T_2\\ T_3\\ \end{array} \right ) + \left ( \begin{array}{ccc} D & -R_3 & R_2\\ R_3 & D & -R_1\\ -R_2 & R_1 & D\\ \end{array} \right ) \left ( \begin{array}{c} x\\ y\\ z\\ \end{array} \right )_{_{TRF1}} \qquad\mbox{(3)}[/math]


where [math]T_1[/math], [math]T_2[/math], [math]T_3[/math] are three translation parameters, [math]D[/math] is a scale factor and [math]R_1[/math], [math]R_2[/math] and [math]R_3[/math] are three rotation angles.

Transformation parameters from ITRF2000 to past ITRFs are listed in table 4.1 of IERS Conventions (2003) [Denis et al., 2004].[1]


References

  1. ^ [Denis et al., 2004] Denis, D., McCarthy and Petit, G., 2004. IERS Conventions (2003). IERS Technical Note 32. IERS Convention Center., Frankfurt am Main.