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EGNOS Safety of Life Service

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EGNOSEGNOS
Title EGNOS Safety of Life Service
Edited by GMV
Level Basic
Year of Publication 2011
Logo GMV.png

The EGNOS Safety of Life Service (SoL) consists of an augmentation signal to the Global Positioning System (GPS) Standard Positioning Service (SPS) intended for most transport safety critical applications. The target application domains are, thus, aviation, maritime, railway and road where degradation in the navigation system performance without a notice within the specified time to alert would endanger lives.

Terms and Conditions

EGNOS SoL certified for civil aviation

The Safety of Life Service is accessible to any user equipped with an EGNOS certified receiver and located within the appropriate EGNOS SoL Service area. In general, the EGNOS SoL Service is intended for most transport applications in different domains where lives could be endangered if the performance of the navigation system is degraded below specific accuracy limits without giving notice in the specified time to alert. This requires that the relevant authority of the particular transport domain determines specific requirements for the navigation service based on the needs of that domain, as well as certification procedures if necessary.

At the date of publication, only the aviation domain has specific service requirements defined in the EGNOS SoL SDD [1], as well as certification and individual authorisation procedures developed and implemented. Therefore, EGNOS SoL Service is tailored for use in aviation, for all phases of flight within the corresponding EGNOS SoL Service area, to aviation users (further “Aviation Users”) namely:

  • Airspace users, as defined in the Single European Sky (SES) Regulation, equipped with an EGNOS certified receiver and located within the appropriate EGNOS SoL Service area corresponding to the phase of flight in which this service is used.
  • Organisations implementing EGNOS based procedures responsible for the operational use of the respective procedure:
    • Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSP)
    • Aerodrome Operators
    • Rotorcraft Operators
    • Any other organisation upon its competent authority approval.

For some of these organisations, the signature of an EGNOS Working Agreement (EWA) with the EGNOS Provider is required.

Navigation operations based on the EGNOS SoL Service may require authorization issued by the relevant authority unless the specific authority or applicable regulation states that no such authorization is required. This authorization, as defined in EGNOS Safety Of Life Service Definition Document [1], is subject to specified operational conditions and limitations, existence of published navigation procedure and to the certification of the on board navigation equipment.

Consequently, an aircraft or operator will need to be subscriber of the required Service Level Agreement in order to get a service guarantee from the EGNOS Service Provider on the EGNOS Safety of Life Service. In addition, the service guarantee will only be applicable within the Safety of Life Service area.

EGNOS SoL for Aviation

EGNOS-equipped cockpit

The SoL Service is intended to support a wide range of transport domains. Nevertheless, the main objective of the EGNOS SoL service is to support civil aviation operations down to Localizer Performance with Vertical guidance (LPV). This means that the service is compliant with aviation Approach with Vertical Guidance (APV-I) requirements defined in the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standard and Recommended Practices (SARPs) for SBAS[2] as expressed in EGNOS Safety of Life Service Definition Document.[1]

Using GNSS positioning technology LPV-200 delivers accurate information on an aircraft’s approach to a runway. Lateral and angular vertical guidance is resulting without the need for visual contact with the ground until an aircraft is 200 feet above the runway. LPV-200 is very important in the EGNOS development because it is providing GPS augmentation in Europe, and it is free and does not requires to upgrade to an airport's ground infrastructure or to the EGNOS certified receivers.[3]

At the time of the edition of this article, only the aviation domain has specific service requirements, as well as certification and individual authorization procedures developed and implemented.

On the 2nd March 2011, the EGNOS Service Provider (ESSP)[4] declared[1] the Safety-of-Life (SoL) signal officially available for aviation with the authorization of the European Commission (EC) to provide the service. At this point message type 0 (MT0) that used to transmit the same contents as a regular MT2 message before certification of EGNOS for civil aviation was removed.

The aviation user, as mentioned in the Terms and Conditions definition, is subject to the specific Working Agreements between ESSP and Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) as stated by the EC Single European Sky regulation.[5]

The EGNOS SoL Service will be provided for a minimum period of 20 years and any significant change in the service will be notified at least six years in advance.'

EGNOS Safety of Life Receivers

The reference SBAS receiver standards have also been developed by the civil aviation community. These standards are called SBAS Minimum Operational Performance Standards (MOPS) and are published by the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA) under the reference DO-229.[6]This receiver standard has been designed by and for the aviation community and therefore supports both horizontal and vertical navigation and implements a large number of features aimed at ensuring the integrity of the derived position.

This standard identifies different classes of user receivers depending on the intended operations. The main characteristics of the EGNOS equipment operational classes are shown in the following table.

Operational Class Phase of flight
Class 1 Oceanic and domestic in route, terminal, approach (LNAV), and departure operation.
Class 2 Oceanic and domestic in route, terminal, approach (LNAV, LNAV/VNAV), and departure operation.
Class 3 Oceanic and domestic in route, terminal, approach (LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, LP, LPV), and departure operation.
Class 4 Equipment that supports only the final approach segment operation

For EGNOS, the minimum performance levels assume equipage with a class 1 receiver (for NPA service level) or class 3 receiver (for APV-I and LPV-200 service levels) under the conditions in terms of number of satellites in view for a fault free receiver.

For non-aviation SoL users, alternative EGNOS message EGNOS message processing may be implemented, deviating from the DO-229 MOPS standard. However, the EGNOS system performance has not been characterised for such a receiver configuration and therefore the performance experienced by such receivers is likely to deviate from that described in the EGNOS SoL Service definition Document.

Safety of Life Performance

Reference map for APV-I at 99%. Source: EGNOS SoL SDD [1]


The EGNOS system has been designed to support different types of civil aviation operations according to the SoL service performance requirements issued by ICAO.. The EGNOS SoL Service performance values are: [1]

Service Accuracy (95%) Integrity Continuity Availability
Lateral Vertical Integrity TTA
NPA 220m - 1 – 1x10⁻⁷/h Less than 6 seconds <1 – 1x10⁻³ per hour in most of ECAC <1 – 2.5x10⁻³ per hour in other areas of ECAC 0.999 in all ECAC
APV-I & LPV200* 3m 4m 1 – 2x10⁻⁷/approach Less than 6 seconds <1 – 1x10⁻⁴ per 15 seconds in the core of ECAC 1 –5x10⁻⁴ per 15 seconds in most of ECAC landmasses 0.99 in most of ECAC landmasses
*Comment Accuracy values at given locations are available at:https://egnos-user-support.essp-sas.eu/new_egnos_ops/

For LPV-200 new accuracy requirements imposed by ICAO Annex 10 ([RD-1]) see section 6.3.3.2

N/A See sections 6.3.1.3, 6.3.2.4 and 6.3.3.4 for detailed availability maps

See sections 6.3.1.4, 6.3.2.5 and 6.3.3.5 for detailed continuity maps

Benefits for Civil Aviation

ATR42 landing trials using EGNOS

The EGNOS Safety of Life service was declared operational for use in aviation upon completion of a certification process against applicable Safety of Life standards and requirements. In particular for civil aviation, Single European Sky regulations were applied.

This declaration enables precision approaches and renders air navigation safer. In the same way, this accessible Service contributes to reducing delays, diversions and cancellations of flights while the airport capacities are increased and operating costs reduced.

Some of the most remarkable advantages provided by the EGNOS Safety of Life service were enumerated in the EGNOS Safety of Life press release published in the European Commission EGNOS homepage:[7]

  • Increased aviation safety: EGNOS allows to perform precision approaches which reduce safety risks considerably.
  • Lower operating costs: EGNOS signals are freely accessible and only requires a receiver aboard the aircraft with no necessity of ground infrastructure.
  • Lower CO2 emissions: EGNOS permits more efficient definition of flight routes.
  • Less delays, diversions and cancellations: EGNOS allows lower aircraft separation distances which results in fewer delays, diversions and cancellations of flights.
  • Less noise pollution: EGNOS facilitates optimized flight routes and 'curved approach' procedures allowing planes to commence their descent closer to the runway.
  • Increased capacity for smaller airports: The vertical guidance offered by EGNOS means planes are able to land in restricted visibility conditions, increasing the capacity of airports.

Taking into account that the second generation of the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, EGNOS V3, which is planned to enter service in 2025, will take advantage of in-operation Galileo signals, as well as new frequencies from an improved class of GPS satellites. Use of the L5 second frequency will improve service robustness against errors and propagation delays caused by the ionosphere. This new EGNOS version implies benefits for aircraft. EGNOS V3 will be able to guide the latest avionics accurately and safely down to Category 1 (VLA = 10m), while also providing legacy users equipped with current avionics a more robust version of the current LPV200, or 35 m vertical limit for vertical guidance service. [8]

Notes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f EGNOS Safety of Life Service Definition Document
  2. ^ ICAO Annex10 Volume I (Radio Navigation Aids) – 6th Edition – July 2006 amendment 85
  3. ^ EGNOS LPV 200 Enables Safer Aircraft Landings
  4. ^ European Satellite Services Provider
  5. ^ EC Single European Sky regulation "> Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the framework for the creation of the single European sky
  6. ^ Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Global Positioning System/Wide Area Augmentation System Airborne Equipment
  7. ^ European Commission EGNOS homepage
  8. ^ New technology version of EGNOS will harness Galileo for aviation, ESA website