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BeiDou Space Segment

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BEIDOUBEIDOU
Title BeiDou Space Segment
Edited by GMV
Level Basic
Year of Publication 2011
Logo GMV.png

The BeiDou Space Segment consists of a constellation of 35 satellites, which include 5 geostationary orbit (GEO) satellites and 30 non-GSO satellites. The system is currently under development evolving from a regional system called BeiDou-1, and in the first phase will provide global navigation services by 2020, similarly to the GPS, GLONASS or Galileo systems.


BeiDou Space Segment

The BeiDou Space Segment will consist of a constellation of 35 satellites, which include 5 geostationary orbit (GEO) satellites and 30 non-GSO satellites; 27 in Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) and 3 in Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO), with a worldwide coverage.[1][2]

BeiDou Space Segment

As of December 2011, the Initial Operation Service was officially declared providing initial passive positioning navigation and timing services for China service area[2].


The nominal constellation includes 35 satellites, 5 GEOs, 3 IGSOs and 27 MEOs. The number of IGSO orbits is 3, with one IGSO per plane. The intersection node is 118E. The MEOs are deployed as a Walker constellation; 24 MEOs in 3 planes plus 3 spares. The orbital parameters of the final constellation are shown in the following table:[1]

Final BeiDou Constellation
Orbit parmts. GEO IGSO MEO
Semi-Major Axis (Km) 42164 42164 27878
Eccentricity 0 0 0
Inclination (deg) 0 55 55
RAAN (deg) 158.75E, 180E, 210.5E, 240E,260E 218E,98E,338E --
Argument Perigee 0 0
Mean anomaly (deg) 0 218E:0,98E:120,338E:240
# Sats 5 3 27
# Planes 1 3 3


References

  1. ^ a b China Satellite Navigation Office, Development of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, Munich Satellite Navigation Summit, 2011
  2. ^ a b BeiDou Navigation Satellite System in Wikipedia